The Frugal Café | Photo credit: Rebecca Anne, "Flora's Cup"</a> | Creative Commons License,
Photo credit: Rebecca Anne, "Flora's Cup" | Creative Commons License,

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Cooking Basics 101: Measurements, Abbreviations, & Recipe and Temperature Equivalents

By Vicki McClure Davidson


Common U.S. Cooking Abbreviations and Measurements

Common U.S. cooking abbreviations and measurements | Photo credit: MS Office
Common U.S. Cooking Abbreviations and Measurements | Photo credit: MS Office


A measuring cup tip from America's Test Kitchen:

Wet versus Dry Measuring Cups

They seem like they should be interchangeable, but you absolutely need one set of each. You can’t accurately measure flour in a liquid measuring cup, and though you can pour liquid into a dry measuring cup, once filled, it can’t be moved without spilling the liquid.


Recipe Equivalents

Recipe Equivalents List

Oven Temperature Equivalents (degrees)











Cooking Conversions: U.S. Measurements & Metric Measurements


U.S. to Metric


1/5 teaspoon = 1 milliliter

1 teaspoon = 5 ml

1 tablespoon = 15 ml

1/5 cup = 50 ml

1 cup = 240 ml

2 cups (1 pint) = 470 ml

4 cups (1 quart) = 0.95 liter

4 quarts (1 gal.) = 3.8 liters



1 fluid oz. = 30 milliliters

1 fluid oz. = 28 grams

1 pound = 454 grams

Metric to U.S.


1 milliliter = 1/5 teaspoon

5 ml = 1 teaspoon

15 ml = 1 tablespoon

34 ml = 1 fluid oz.

100 ml = 3.4 fluid oz.

240 ml = 1 cup

1 liter = 34 fluid oz.

1 liter = 4.2 cups

1 liter = 2.1 pints

1 liter = 1.06 quarts

1 liter = 0.26 gallon



1 gram = 0.035 ounce

100 grams = 3.5 ounces

500 grams = 1.10 pounds

1 kilogram = 2.205 pounds

1 kilogram = 35 oz.



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